Homologous recombination and Mus81 promote replication completion in response to replication fork blockage

Impediments to DNA replication threaten genome stability. The homologous recombination (HR ) pathway has been involved in the restart of blocked replication forks. Here, we used a method to increase yeast cell permeability in order to study at the molecular level the fate of replication forks blocked by DNA topoisomerase I poisoning by camptothecin (CPT ). Our results indicate that Rad52 and Rad51 HR factors are required to complete DNA replication in response to CPT . Recombination events occurring during S phase do not generally lead to the restart of DNA synthesis but rather protect blocked forks until they merge with convergent forks. This fusion generates structures requiring their resolution by the Mus81 endonuclease in G2/M. At the global genome level, the multiplicity of replication origins in eukaryotic genomes and the fork protection mechanism provided by HR appear therefore to be essential to complete DNA replication in response to fork blockage.

2020 - EMBO Rep (2020) e49367, 10.15252/embr.201949367

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